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The Basics of Landscaping

Tips & Tricks and Everything You Need to Know​

If you answered “no” to these questions, don’t stress! Our team of specialists is here to help you make your dream garden come true.

In this blog post, we discuss the general principles of landscaping. We set out a list of things to consider when planning your landscape design. We explain the pros and cons of common landscaping styles. We share guidelines you need to know when choosing your theme and the best flowers for your style. Finally, we help you carry out your plans and layout. You’ll find all the must-knows of landscaping and garden styling right here!

Get the very best tips from city’s premier florists and gardeners on the best landscape design for your lifestyle! Learn how it can enhance your home, embody who you are as a person, and match your everyday activities and social hostings all at once.

Interested in a formal course? Want to get certified as a gardening expert? We encourage you to explore associations offering classes in floristry, like:

American Institute of Floral Designers (www.aifd.org)
National Gardening Organization (www.garden.org)
American Floral Endowment (www.endowment.org)
American Horticultural Society (www.ahsgardening.org)

So you’ve decided on starting your own garden. But do you know how to style it? Do you know what plants and other components can give life to your lawn and yard?

First Things You Should Consider

Always bear in mind that the conditions in your backyard come first before the style. If not, it will never turn up right! This rule applies to every whichever style you select for your garden.

Here is a rundown of the first things you should look into when you choose and plan out a design for your landscape!

Basics of Landscaping
Photo by Annie Spratt

Architecture of the House

Picking the design of the landscape needs to complement your own home design. This will give your home a feel of balance and cohesion with your garden. It will also help tie your flowers and plants together with the style and structure of your chosen landscape design.

Sunlight and where it falls longest

Some plants need plenty of sunlight. Some need a whole lot of shade. So it’s critical to assess the direction of sunlight and where it falls longest. It will help you plot out your plants with care and accuracy.

Position of potential or existing trees

Like the above factor, the position of existing trees or trees you intend to grow matters. Take note of this to ensure ample light and shade reach your treasured flowers and greens.

Depth and texture of soil

Look into which parts of your lot have shallow and rocky soil. Check which spots have more depth and texture. This will help give room for your plants’ roots and growth.

Air quality, wind direction and strength

If you live in or near the city, you have to keep in mind the quality of the air in your yard. This is to ensure your plants don’t get stifled from too much smoke and smog from cars. Restaurant exhausts and the cramped city space can also be culprits of this. So it’s smart to keep this in mind.

The strength and direction of the wind change at different times of the day and throughout the year. These can influence plant growth and texture. So make note of this to keep your plants nurtured and healthy.

Family pet and neighbor’s pets
Do you have dogs, cats, or any other cute critters that frequently go out to your yard? If so, make sure to get pet-friendly flowers, shrubs and trees. You might also need to put together a low-rise fence or something similar. This will keep them from harming seedlings or, god forbid, doing their business in the garden bed.

Basic Steps to Designing Your Landscape

Whatever you settle on for your landscape design, there are basic steps you need to follow. Here are a few tips for styling your yard!

Sketch the Plan Out

If you can, it’s far better to get the precise dimensions of your yard from your house’s blueprint. This way, you get an overview of your design. It will even help you experiment with different styles while you’re still in the planning phase.

Pick out Flowers as Focal Points

Follow the standard rules of crafting bouquets! Choose the star (or stars) of your garden and base your accents and foliage off of the main flower.

Choosing Your Garden Style

It’s important to note here what you plan to do in your garden, as it influences how you do the landscaping in your yard. Is it for leisure? For social events and playtime? For rest and relaxation? Strike a balance among lawn and planting areas. With this, you have enough room to walk around while appreciating the beauty of nature in your garden.

Borders and Edging

It’s also important to know the most ideal kind of materials for the borders and edges of your garden. Whether it’s wood, brick, stone, or anything else, consider your theme and style. Be sure to complement your main flowers and accents with the material you’ll use.

Selecting Your Plants

Now you’re at the phase of picking out your flowers, shrubs, and trees for your garden. In line with that, it’s important to know the full size of a plant before placing them in the soil. This is to make sure they don’t get too crowded once they reach maturity.

Putting it All Together

You’ve taken your pick of landscape style, borders and edging, focal flowers, accents, foliage, and plants. Now you need to put them all together!
A basic understanding of the color wheel comes in handy here. Also, look into the textures, shapes, and sizes of different types of flowers and shrubs. Make sure to check how well they match each other.

Pros & Cons of Different Landscape Designs

Which landscape best complements your home design and architectural structure? Which landscape design best expresses your lifestyle and daily life? Whatever your answer is, you can find inspiration here! Below is a quick list of common landscape styles you can go with.

Want to create an unique design and get creative? Go ahead! You can pick some components from these styles and incorporate them into your own. Let your inspiration flow and make your dream garden come true!

English Garden.

Features: Lush shrubs and perennials to complement your home’s architectural style. Typically includes birdbaths and arbor.

Oriental/ Japanese Zen

Features: Water, rocks, and evergreens akin to how Asian style gardens look. Comes with a selection of plants in complementing shades and hues of green.

Woodland

Features: Takes after its name. Mimics the natural way that flora and fauna grow as seen in forests and wooded areas. Needs less regular maintenance.

Formal

Features: Symmetrical arrangements, straight lines, and clear-cut geometric shapes with manicured, well-trimmed appearance. Demands a good deal of maintenance.

Informal

Features: Curved edges and asymmetrical arrangements, situated in plant beds.

Tropical

Features: Bountiful ferns and shrubs with brightly-colored blooms and tall trees. Similar to a tropical rainforest.

Mediterranean

Features: Secure plant containers on lines of brick or stone, interspersed with flowering plants and blossoms.