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Gardening Basics and Know-How

Tips from the Experts for Gardening Hobbyists

Are you a rookie to gardening? Or are you a casual gardener who wants to keep a small with lovely blooms or robust greens? In any case, you’ve likely run into a pest problem or soil issue you’ve never had before. You may be feeling a bit lost on how to fix it.

But don’t panic! Every gardener experiences this. Even experts and specialists on plant care have their own concerns.

To help you along, we’ve put this practical guide together! You’ll also find answers to the most pressing questions on gardening. You’ll also find top tips every gardener needs to know!

Here, we give you a quick list of pro gardening tips and tricks for rookies and hobbyists. You’ll learn about planting your first plant seed. You’ll find out how to give daily treatment to your plants. You’ll discover how to transfer your seedlings to your plant bed. You’ll also learn how to build your soil and harvest your herbs.

Whatever your worries are, we’ve got your back! This handy guide has all the basic know-how for any budding gardener.

Interested in a formal course? Want to get certified as a gardening expert? Check out organizations offering classes in floristry, like:

American Institute of Floral Designers (
National Gardening Organization (
American Floral Endowment (
American Horticultural Society (

Gardening Basics and Know-How

Prepping Your Garden Bed

Before doing anything else, all gardeners need to prepare their garden beds! Other gardening techniques like building soil can get complex without a good foundation. But no worries, we’re here to help!
Sunshine, healthy soil and water are the standard needs of any garden bed. But if you want to go all out, there are a number of steps you need to follow.

Clear away weeds, grass, and other vegetation from your desired area.
Wet the soil until it is moist. Make sure it’s not soaking wet.
Work the soil to around 12 inches deep.
Place compost into your bed.
Cover the bed with mulch.
Top off with more compost to keep moisture.
Prepping your garden bed differs from the kind of plants you wish to plant. But these are the fundamentals you can adopt to guarantee your bed is healthy! From here, you can get your lawn ready! You’ll soon have a garden of the freshest flowers and plant edibles!

Seed and Seed-Starting

So you’ve prepped your lawn or yard into a nourishing garden bed. Now you’re all set to start planting seeds and growing them to fully flourish! With the right care, you can look forward to lively blooms and harvests of herbs and edibles.

To achieve this, here are a few pointers from professional gardeners on seed starting! You’ll see the best ways to bury a seed into the soil and start them up on their growth progress.

Some gardeners say it’s okay to let your seed grow wild in every way they want. But experts don’t agree.

Years of experience with maintaining our own gardens tell us otherwise. We say it’s best for rookies to start their gardens in a confined space. It’s much better for both you and your plants that you keep a close eye on them at all times. This way, you can adjust to and manage their needs in a more effective way.

That said, here are a few basic tips for new gardeners sowing their first set of seeds into the soil!

Scatter your seeds in the bed and avoid overcrowding at all costs.
Store your supply of seeds in a dry and cool site for longer shelf life.
Pat down the soil to make direct contact with the seeds.
Provide proper airflow and water drainage to prevent pests and plant disease.
Water them on a daily basis, and feed them well with a healthy mix of fertilizer and plant food.
Give time to let your plants get used to direct light to avoid unwanted wilting.


Both flower beds and vegetable gardens benefit a lot from mulch. It gives your garden very high levels of moisture retention and soil temperature regulation. It also helps ward off weeds better. You could never get these at top-notch quality with any artificial product or formula.

Every gardener needs to know when to use mulch and how much of it to use. This is because mulch belongs to the most crucial things a garden needs to flourish!

Whether you’re using grass clippings, wood chips, pine needles, stone and rocks, or dyed mulch, here are the pros’ answers to some FAQs on mulch.

Should I avoid any type of mulch?

Avoid grass cuttings from any lawn that’s been treated with weed killers in the past three to four weeks. If you have pets, particularly dogs, don’t use cocoa hull.

Aged mulch vs. New mulch?

As a rule, older mulch is better. It won’t drain the soil of its much-needed nitrogen and other nutrients. This is because they’ve already started decomposing.

When should I apply mulch?

Gardening experts say it’s best to place the mulch in your garden bed in the early summer. Otherwise, you’ll risk damaging the roots of any plants you place in after.

How deep should the mulch go?

The general rule on how deep mulch should go is a couple of inches from above ground. Experts say this is best for your plants. Top tip: Keep the mulch about at least a feet from your house’s foundation to protect against pest infestations.


The method of composting has been around about as long as gardening has. It’s only fair to assume everyone has at least a fundamental idea of composting or building good compost.

Whatever you know about it, here are a few guidelines to catch you up on the basics of composting!
We recommend that you devote a dedicated workspace for your composting. With this, you can put compost in a bin to stock for longer use.

It’s also important to optimize your compost for your garden bed. Start by dampening each layer as you set them in your compost bin and speed up the process.

Now you want your compost to be top quality. Compost is best when it has a balanced composition of brown (dry) and green (wet) components. If not, it can either heat up or smell bad.

So if one of these things takes place, examine the balance of green and brown in your compost. If it isn’t uniform, add a bit more of whichever compost is less than the other. See to it that the perimeter of your workspace doesn’t block water and lets it empty out with ease.

Photo by Haydn Golden